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Knowledge Base

How Do I Target Browsers Using CSS Hacks?

July 3, 2017

A UI developer need to ensure that the site is error free and runs fine on each and every browser. While every browser has its properties, which makes the UI slight different as per their own properties. So sometimes we need to hack their properties to set the design according to the UI requirement. There are many ways to hack the browsers like

1. Selector Hacks

/* IE6 and below */
* html #uno { color: red }

/* IE7 */
*:first-child+html #dos { color: red }

/* IE7, FF, Saf, Opera */
html>body #tres { color: red }

/* IE8, FF, Saf, Opera (Everything but IE 6,7) */
html>/**/body #cuatro { color: red }

/* Opera 9.27 and below, safari 2 */
html:first-child #cinco { color: red }

/* Safari 2-3 */
html[xmlns*=""] body:last-child #seis { color: red }

/* safari 3+, chrome 1+, opera9+, ff 3.5+ */
body:nth-of-type(1) #siete { color: red }

/* safari 3+, chrome 1+, opera9+, ff 3.5+ */
body:first-of-type #ocho { color: red }

/* saf3+, chrome1+ */
@media screen and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio:0) {
#diez { color: red }
}

/* iPhone / mobile webkit */
@media screen and (max-device-width: 480px) {
#veintiseis { color: red }
}

/* Safari 2 – 3.1 */
html[xmlns*=""]:root #trece { color: red }

/* Safari 2 – 3.1, Opera 9.25 */
*|html[xmlns*=""] #catorce { color: red }

/* Everything but IE6-8 */
:root *> #quince { color: red }

/* IE7 */
*+html #dieciocho { color: red }

/* Firefox only. 1+ */
#veinticuatro, x:-moz-any-link { color: red }

/* Firefox 3.0+ */
#veinticinco, x:-moz-any-link, x:default { color: red }

2. Attribute Hacks

/* IE6 */
#once { _color: blue }

/* IE6, IE7 */
#doce { *color: blue; /* or #color: blue */ }

/* Everything but IE6 */
#diecisiete { color/**/: blue }

/* IE6, IE7, IE8 */
#diecinueve { color: blue\9; }

/* IE7, IE8 */
#veinte { color/*\**/: blue\9; }

/* IE6, IE7 — acts as an !important */
#veintesiete { color: blue !ie; } /* string after ! can be anything */

About Mohammed Mehdi

Working as Web UI developer with ONS Interactive Solutions. Having 2+ years working experience in the UI development and responsive conversion.